Replacement of the damaged knee components with artificial metal, ceramic, and metal components is known as total knee replacement, frequently referred to as knee arthroplasty or knee replacement surgery. People with severe arthritis or knee injuries are typically advised to have treatment. Dr. Rajesh Malhotra is highly recognized among the most popular orthopedic surgeon in Delhi who delivers the best medication and treatment options with various facilities and modern approach techniques.

What is Total Knee Replacement?

Through knee replacement surgery, damaged or worn-out knee joints are partially replaced. The process can improve the knee’s function and reduce pain. During the surgery, damaged cartilage and bones are replaced with metal and plastic components.

Your orthopedic surgeon will look at your knee’s strength, stability, and range of motion to determine if a replacement is the most appropriate treatment for you. 

When Do I need a total knee replacement surgery?

Consider total knee replacement surgery when nonsurgical treatments involving medication and walking supports are not more helpful. Returning to your normal activities after leg deformity correction and pain relief can be achieved with a safe and efficient joint replacement treatment.

At the same time, there are several kinds of arthritis: rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, as well as posttraumatic arthritis make up a majority of knee pain circumstances.

Arthritis for the bones – This type of arthritis is age-related wear-and-tear arthritis. While it generally impacts the ones 50 years of age and older, younger people may also experience it. The knee’s comfort cartilage ages and becomes less efficient. The friction of the bones against one another causes stiffness and pain in the knees.

Arthritis Rheumatoid – The condition causes swelling and inflammation of the synovial fluid membrane that covers the joint. Inflammation that lasts has been shown to harm cartilage, resulting in ultimate loss of cartilage, pain, and stiffness. The most common form of an illness, called “inflammatory arthritis,” is rheumatoid arthritis.

Arthritis after trauma – This can happen after a severe knee injury. Over time, damage to the articular cartilage may result in knee pain and limited knee function because of bone fractures related to the knee or tears in the knee ligaments.

When Total Knee Replacement is Recommended?

Your orthopedic surgeon might suggest total knee replacement surgery for several reasons. People who acquire total knee replacement frequently have:

  • severe stiffness or pain in the knees that stops one from doing everyday activities like climbing stairs, walking, or getting in and out of chairs. Walking beyond a few blocks without discomfort may be difficult, and using a cane or walker may be required.
  • Moderate to severe knee pain throughout the day or at night if at rest.
  • Chronic knee swelling and inflammation that fails to go away with medication or rest.
  • Knee deformity: inside or outside bowing of the knee.
  • Failure to significantly improve after attempting various treatments like physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, cortisone injections, lubricating injections, or other surgeries.

How is Total Knee Replacement Done?

A knee replacement procedure consists of these four fundamental steps:

  • Get the bone ready. Along with just a little of the underlying bone, the surgeon removes the damaged cartilage surfaces at the femur’s and tibia’s ends.
  • Set the metal implants in their proper positions. The surgeon replaces the eliminated bone and cartilage with metal fragments that resemble the joint’s surface. These metal parts could “press-fit” or be cemented into the bone.
  • Put the patella back onto the surface. The kneecap, or patella, is returned with a plastic button after the surgeon cuts its underside. Depending on the situation, some surgeons choose not to return the cartilage to the patella.
  • Put an empty spacer in there. The surgeon uses a medical-grade plastic spacer between the metal elements to generate a smooth sliding surface.

Why Choose Dr Rajesh Malhotra for Total Knee Replacement? 

One of the greatest orthopedic surgeons in Delhi and the top hip replacement surgeon in Delhi, India, for a total hip replacement, is Dr. Rajesh Malhotra. He ensures that no damage is done to the patient during any procedure while offering complete safety, comfort, and appropriate measurements for both patients and clients.

Nurses and other medical professionals with years of experience deliver precise patient care at his clinic. In addition, various surgical treatment options with modern technology have reasonable rates and come with rehabilitation insurance.